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来步行街和世界“媒体艺术之都”长沙说句悄悄话——新华网——湖南

2019-09-16 22:06 来源:第一新闻网

  来步行街和世界“媒体艺术之都”长沙说句悄悄话——新华网——湖南

  供给侧结构性改革Supply-sidestructuralreform"Supply-sidestructuralreform"wasproposedbyChinaspolicymakersinNovember,sgovernmentworkreportandfurtherelaboratedinthe13thFive-YearPlan(2016-20).Supply-sidereformwilladvanceeconomicrestructuringbyreducingineffectiveandlow-endsupply,年11月在中央财经领导小组第十一次会议上"供给侧改革"概念首次被提出.供给侧结构性改革,是指从提高供给质量出发,用改革的办法推进结构性调整,矫正要素配置扭曲,扩大有效供给,提高供给机构对需求变化的适应性和灵活性,提高全要素生产率.从2015年开始,以去产能、去库存、去杠杆、降成本、补短板为重点的供给侧结构性改革,经中央经济工作会议定调后,已正式拉开大幕.Relatednews:  byMahmoudFouly,Emadal-AzrakCAIRO,(Xinhua)--,cratrivalHillaryClintoninaclosepresidentialraceafteracontroversialandscandalouscampaigncycle,saggressiveremarksduringhispresidentialcampaignthatoffendedmanyArabs,"Duringhiscampaign,TrumpannouncedhissupportforIsraelandsaidhewouldmoveitscapitalcityfromTelAvivtocontroversialJerusalem,whichisaworryingandregrettableposition,"saidEgyptianformerambassadortoWashingtonAl-SayyidAminShalaby,notinghewasoneofthosesurprisedbyTrumpsadvisersabouttheseriousnessofsuchasteponpeaceintheMideastregion,noti"Butafterhewonelections,Trumpsfirstremarksmeanttolightenhispreviousones,stressinghiswillingnesstocooperatewithallWashingtonsalliestoachievecommoninterests,"includingEgyptandJordantoaddresstheMiddleEastcrisesincludinggrowingterrorism."WeshouldwaitforsomeweeksormonthsuntilthepictureisclearaboutTrumpspositionsonseveralissues,particularlythoserelatedtotheMiddleEastregion,",,costtheMiddleEastsodonalstabilitydespitehis"newbeginning"promiseswhenfirstelected."TrumpsvictorymayhaveapositiveeffectontheMiddleEastandmayopenthewayfornewactionsintheregionwithnewinfluentialregionalplayers,"saidSaeedal-Lawindi,researcherofinternationalrelationsatCairo-basedAl-AhramCenterforPoliticalandStrategicStudies."llattempttoeasetheregionaltensions,asTrumpblamedObamasadministrationformismanagingMideastcrises,particularlythatofIraq,"swinisbelievedtohaveraisedhopeforsomeArableadersincludingSyrianPresidentBasharal-Assad,whomTrumpbelievestobefightingtheIslamicState(IS)terrorists,andEgyptianPresidentAbdel-Fattahal-Sisi,,apoliticalscienceprofessorattheAmericanUniversityinCairo,arguedthatTrumprejectionofObamaspoliciesbasedoninterferenceofothercountriesdomesticaffairs,sdepartureunderObama,butTrumpwill"takeadifferentpathandwillagreewiththeRussianandtheEgyptianvisionsontheSyriancrisis,whicharebasedonSyriasunityandAssadspresenceforatransitionalperiodwhilegettingridoftheIS."ID:22923597----URL:http:///2016-11/10/content_

NEWDELHI,June14(Xinhua)--ThequalityofairinIndiaromthewesternstateofRajasthanwhichisfacin"severe"conditionofairqualityforcedthecountrysMinistryoconti,evenasthe"PM10"ssueddirectionstotheconcernedauthoritiestocarryoutsprinklingofwatertobringdownthedustintheairoverthenextcoupleofdays."Majorconstructionagencies,municipalcorporationsandDelhiPollutionControlCommittee(DPCC)havebeenalertedtoensurewatersprinkling,asrequired,"ndiancapitalare"unusual"ndthensinceTuesdaytoWestandSouthWest,duetowhichhotair,alongwithdustfromRajasthanhasstartedmovingintoDelhi.网络百科全书onlineencyclopaediaThethirdeditionoftheChineseEncyclopaediaisduetogoonlineforthefirsttimesometimenextyear,announcedtheChineseAcademyofSciences.中国科学院宣布,《中国大百科全书》第三版的网络版将在明年首次上线.Over20,000scholarsfromuniversitiesandresearchinstitutesacrossthecountrywillparticipateinthemassivenationalonlineencyclopaediaprogram,includingmorethan300academicsand30membersoftheCAS,LiuGuohui,associateexecutiveeditor-in-chiefoftheprojectanddirectoroftheEncyclopediaofChinaPublishingHouse(ECPH),hastoldseniorscientists.中国大百科全书出版社社长、《中国大百科全书》第三版执行副总主编刘国辉表示,来自全国高校和科研机构的2万多名学者将参与该网络版百科全书的编撰工作,其中包括300余位中科院院士和30多位学部委员.《中国大百科全书》第三版定位于新型的网络百科全书(onlineencyclopaedia),是基于信息化技术和互联网,进行知识生产、分发和传播的国家大型公共知识服务平台(alargenationalplatformforpublicknowledgeservicebasedoninformationtechnologyandtheinternetthatproduces,distributesandspreadsknowledge),目标是编纂一部代表世界最高水平的网络化和数字化的《中国大百科全书》(compileaninternet-baseddigitalencyclopaediaon-parwiththeworldsbest).《中国大百科全书》第三版执行总主编杨牧之在中科院的会议上对资深科学家说:"《中国大百科全书》不是一本书,而是一座文化万里长城(TheEncyclopaediaofChinaisnotabook,butaGreatWallofculture)."《中国大百科全书》第三版首期目标为30余万条内容,每条约1000字(morethan300,000entriesatabout1,000wordseach),内容涉及103个学科,是《大英百科全书》的两倍,规模堪比中文版维基百科.该项目在2011年就已获中国国务院的批准.参与中国新百科全书编纂的历史学家黄安年表示,维基百科是需要格外注意的竞争者,"读者认为它权威、准确……但我们拥有世界上规模最大、最优质的编纂队伍……我们的目标不是追赶而是超越(Ourgoalisnottocatchup,butovertake)."《中国大百科全书》第一版在1993年问世,内容包含66门学科(66disciplines),8万个条目(over80,000entries),共计亿汉字及5万余幅插图.全书共计74卷(74volumes),包括哲学、社会科学、文学艺术、文化教育、自然科学、工程技术等各个学科和领域.《中国大百科全书》第二版于2009年4月16日正式出版,总计32卷(正文30卷、索引2卷)、6万个条目、约6千万字、3万幅插图和1千幅地图.

  HANOI,(Xinhua)--AshipoftheChinaCoastGuard(CCG)ispayingavisittoVietnam,snortherncityofHaiPhong,some90kmeastofcapitalHanoi,(VCG),thetwosidesplayedsportsgamesincludingvolleyball,,thevisitisapartoseprimeministersduringthelatterstourtoChinainSeptember,,theCCGandVCGhaveconductedjointmaritimesearchandrescueexercises,,ChinaandVietnamjustconcludedathree-day,includingajointpatrol,maritimesearchandrescueexercise,:22944208----URL:http:///2016-11/11/content_ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairsarestrictedsessionofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,2018.(Xinhua/LiXueren)QINGDAO,June10(Xinhua)--ChinesePresidentXiJinpingonSundaychairedarestrictedsessionofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitineastChina,activelycopewithchallengeswithinandoutsidetheregion,andpromotecomprehensivecooperationinvariousareas,,XiraisedfourproposalsonthedevelopmentoftheSCO.--TheSCOshouldadvancetheShanghaiSpiritofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,andenhancesolidarityandcoordination.--TheSCOshouldupgradesecuritycooperationandeffectivelycrackdownupon"threeevilforces"ofterrorism,extremismandseparatism.--TheSCOshouldworkforshareddevelopment,makebiggermovesinindustrialcooperation,marketintegration,ande,andsafeguardthemultilateraltradesystem.--TheSCOshouldplayconstructiverolesandshowcommitmentininternationalaffairs,promotinganewtypeofinternationalrelationsfeaturingmutualrespect,fairnessandjustice,andwin-wincooperation,andupholdingtheprinheSCOandscontributionafterittookovertheSCOrotatingpresidency,,withtwonewmemberstates,theSCOhasimproveditsabilitytocooperateinallareasandhadincreasingresponsibilitiesinmaintainingregionalsecurityandstability,,underthenewcircumstances,theSCOshouldcontinueupholdingtheShanghaiSpiritandmakesureasustainable,healthy,(4thR)andotherleadersofShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)memberstatesposeforagroupphotoduringarestrictedsessionofthe18thSCOsummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,18thSCOsummitineastChinascoastalcityofQingdao.(Xinhua/GaoJie)

  ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairsarestrictedsessionofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,2018.(Xinhua/LiXueren)QINGDAO,June10(Xinhua)--ChinesePresidentXiJinpingonSundaychairedarestrictedsessionofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitineastChina,activelycopewithchallengeswithinandoutsidetheregion,andpromotecomprehensivecooperationinvariousareas,,XiraisedfourproposalsonthedevelopmentoftheSCO.--TheSCOshouldadvancetheShanghaiSpiritofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,andenhancesolidarityandcoordination.--TheSCOshouldupgradesecuritycooperationandeffectivelycrackdownupon"threeevilforces"ofterrorism,extremismandseparatism.--TheSCOshouldworkforshareddevelopment,makebiggermovesinindustrialcooperation,marketintegration,ande,andsafeguardthemultilateraltradesystem.--TheSCOshouldplayconstructiverolesandshowcommitmentininternationalaffairs,promotinganewtypeofinternationalrelationsfeaturingmutualrespect,fairnessandjustice,andwin-wincooperation,andupholdingtheprinheSCOandscontributionafterittookovertheSCOrotatingpresidency,,withtwonewmemberstates,theSCOhasimproveditsabilitytocooperateinallareasandhadincreasingresponsibilitiesinmaintainingregionalsecurityandstability,,underthenewcircumstances,theSCOshouldcontinueupholdingtheShanghaiSpiritandmakesureasustainable,healthy,(4thR)andotherleadersofShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)memberstatesposeforagroupphotoduringarestrictedsessionofthe18thSCOsummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,18thSCOsummitineastChinascoastalcityofQingdao.(Xinhua/GaoJie)HeateddiscussionsonthehistoricsummitbetweenNorthKoreanleaderKimJong-unandUSPresidentDonaldTrumpamongChinesehaveyettosubside,andsomeChinesehavehighexpectationsofbusinessoppoopicsonChinesesocialmediaplatformSinaWeibo,withthepage"Kim-Trumpsummit"opportunitiesinNorthKorea."ChinaandNorthKoreahavemutualtrustandfriendlyties,whichisouradvantageoverothercountries,"abusinessmansurnamedZhangfromDandong,acityborderingNorthKoreainNortheastChinasLiaoningProvince,gainstNorthKorea,,som,28,whovisitedPyongyangin2016,toldtheGlobalTimesthat"ifNorthKoreabecomesmoreopenandallowsgreaterindependenttravel,Iwilldefinitelygothereagain."NorthKoreabansindependenttravelforforeigners,,someanalystswarnedagainstbeingoverlyoptimisticaboutNorthKoreasopening-upsincethereisstilllongwaytogoforNorthKoreatosetupthelegalandphysicalinfrastructurefortheopening-up,anditwilltakeatleastseveralyearselopment,itistooearlytohavehighexpectationsofbusinessopportunitiesinNorthKorea,ChengXiaohe,anassociateprofessorattheRenminUniversityofChinasSchoolofInternationalStudies,toldtheGlobalTimesonWednesday."Theopening-upofNorthKorearequiresafirmdeterminationandconcretepoliciesfromthegovernmentandtheestablishmentofformaldiplomatictieswithothermajoreconomies,especiallytheUSandJapan,,",theyshouldalsoconsidertherisks,Chengsaid."NorthKoreaisnotaplacewhereyoucangetgoldeverywhere,",NorthKoreaslaws,regulationsandpoliticalsystemarenotreadyforamassiveopening-up,ZhengJiyong,directoroftheShanghai-basedFudanUniversitysCenterforKoreanStudies,,expertsstillpraisedtheoutcomeofTuesdaysKim-Trumpsummit,spressconferenceonTuesdayattheCapellaHotelinSingapore,theWhiteHouseshowedavideotojournali,",youhaveChina,andthey[NorthKorea],rightItsgreat,"accordingtoaWhiteHousetranscript.

LONDON,(Xinhua)--WayneRooneywillbetheEnglandcaptainFridaynightwhentheymeetScotlandatWembleyfortheirWorldCupqualifier,alifieragainstSlovenialastmonthwhenRooneywasputonthebench."Hesinabetterplacethanhewasforthelastgettogetherintermsofhissharpness,confidence,"Southgatesaid."He"Hesplayingwell,hesaplayerthatwhenhesconfident."Hisexperienceisimportantinagamelikethiswithateamwithalotofenergyandpotential,butyoualsoneedsomeexperiencedplayersaroundthat."ID:22944243----URL:http:///2016-11/11/content_

  HANGZHOU,(Xinhua)--Withinminutesofitkickingoffatmidnight,SinglesDay,Chinasannualonlineshoppingfiesta,()insixminutes58seconds,almostsixminutesaheadoflastyear,,anothere-commercesite,,totalsalesacross16ofChinasmajore-commerceplatformshadalreadytopped76billionyuan,accordingtodataproviderSyntun,,SinglesDayhasgrownin,;sonlineshoppingbonanzasawanincreaseinthenumberofmobiletransactions,,Chinasonlineshoppingmarket,:22943845----URL:http:///2016-11/11/content_

  ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairsthe18thMeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)inQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June10,(Xinhua/LiXueren)QINGDAO,June10(Xinhua)--ChinesePresidentXiJinpingchairedtheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)annualsummitSunday,aimingtobringthegrouptoashinasportcityofQingdaomarkedthefirstgatheringofleadersofallitseightmembetionsataroundtablemeeting,Xihailedthe17-year-oldorganizationas"anewmodelforregionalcooperation"security,tradefacilitationandpeople-to-peopleexchanges,sendingoutasignalofunityandcollaboration,againstthebackdropofglobalchallengessuchashegemony,powerpolitics,securitythreats,unilateralismandtradeprotectionism."Weshould,guidedbytheShanghaiSpirit,workcloselytobuildanSCOcommunitywithasharedfuture,movetowardanewtypeofinternationalrelations,andbuildanopen,inclusive,cleanandbeautifulworldthatenjoyslastingpeace,universalsecurityandcommonprosperity,"sstrengthtotheShanghaiSpirit,whichchampionsmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,sspeechatthesummit."Weshouldupholdinnovative,coordinated,green,openandinclusivedevelopment,"hesaid,,comprehensive,cooperativeandsustainablesecurity."WeshouldrejecttheColdWarmentalityandconfrontationbetweenblocsandopposethepracticesofseekingabsolutesecurityofoneselfattheexpenseofthesecurityofothercountries,"es."Weshouldrejectself-centered,short-sightedandclosed-doorpolicies,"hesaid."Equality,mutuallearning,dialogueandinclusivenessbetweenculturesshouldbechampioned."Healsocalledforextensiveconsultation,,geachotherschoiceofdevelopmentpathsandaccommodatingeachotherscoreinterestsandmajorconcerns,,separatismandextremism,andconducta"PeaceMission."Chinawouldtrain2,000lawenforcementofficersforallpartiesinthenextthreeyearstoenhancelawenforcement,seconomiccomponenthasgrownmoreprominentinrecentyears,andXiproposedincreasingthecomplementarityofdevelopmentstrategiesandpursuingtheBeltandRoadIspackageforcommondevelopmentincludedsettingupa30-billion-yuan(),XisaidChinawouldprovide3,000trainingopportunitiesinhumanresourcesdevelopmentforSCOmemberstatesinton,con,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,,Belarus,athisyear,practicing"major-countrydiplomacywithChinesecharacteristics."TheotherthreeeventsaretheBoaoForumforAsiaannualconferenceinApril,theForumonChina-AfricaCooperationsum"anewtypeofinternationalrelations"and"acommunitywithasharedfutureforhumanity"--twoideasXihasexpoundedoverthepastfiveyears.IthasbeenoneyearsinceChinaunveiledtheplantoestablishtheXionganNewArea,aspecialeconomiczonelocatedabout100kilometerssouthwestofdowntownBeijing,aspartofthecoordinateddevelopmentoftheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiregiononApril1,onsfromBeijing,exploreanewmodelofoptimizeddevelopmentindensely-populatedareas,restructuretheurbanlayoutintheBeijing-Tianjin-Hebeiregionandcultivatenewinnovation-drivenengines,accordingtothecircularissuedbytheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)lwalkyouthroughtheprogress.

  GENEVA,(Xinhua)--AmajorvaccinationcampaignbeganinHaitionWednesdaytohelptackletheriseincholeracasesfollowingHurricaneMatthew,theWorldHealthOrganization(WHO),supportedbyWHOandotherpartners,aimstovaccinatesome800,000peoplelivingin16communesinthedepartmentsofSudandGrandAnse,,therehasbeenasignipreadofthediseaseinotherdepartmentsofthecountry,vaccineswillbeappliedtoeachpe,thissinglevac,thevaccinealliance,fundedonemilliondosesoforalcholeravaccinetobeusedinthecampaign.","ngsafewater,andaremakingcontinuousc:22924202----URL:http:///2016-11/10/content_

  PhototakenonJune13,2018showstheinteriorofChinasnewgenerationdomesticmedium-low-speedmagneticlevitation(maglev)trainattheCRRCZhuzhouLocomotiveCo.,Ltd.,ZhuzhouofcentralChinamperhour,comparedwiththefirstgenerationstopspeedof100kmperhour.(Xinhua)CHANGSHA,June13(Xinhua)--Anewgenerationdomesticmedium-low-speedmagneticlevitation(maglev)trai,comparedwiththefirstgenerationstopspeedof100kmperhour,saidTongLaisheng,headofthemaglevresearchinstituteoftheCRRCZhuzhouLocomotiveCo.,Ltd.,500passengerswiththreecarriages,sfirstmedium-low-speedmaglevraillinewasputintocommercialoperationinMay2016inChangsha,thatopspeedof200kmperhour.HELSINKI,(Xinhua)--FinnishPresidentSauliNiinistosaidonWednesdaythattheelectionofanewpresidentintheUnitedStatesdoesnotnecessarilyimpactNATOsdecisioninacceptingFinlandasitsmemberifitapplies."NATOanditsmembershipsarenotdependentonanyoneperson,,"Niini"constructive"inhisvictoryspeech,expressinghop"adifferentperson",,,NATOhasnosecurityguaranteeforFinlandasithasforthemembercountries,:22923500----URL:http:///2016-11/10/content_

  BUJUMBURA,(Xinhua)--TheBurundianrulingpartyiseyingmorecooperationwiththeUnitedStates,itspartychiefEvaristeNdayishimiyesaidWednesdayatapressconference."WehopethatnewleadersoftheUnitedStateswillknowtherealandobjectivesituationofBurundi,"saidNdayishimiye,secretarygeneraloftheBurundianrulingparty,theNationalCouncilfortheDefenseofDemocracy-ForcesfortheDefenseofDemocracy(CNDD-FDD).Wednesday"signofhope"forthetwocountries,hesaid,addingthat"itwillbeanopportunitytostrengthencooperationbetweenBurundiandtheUnitedStates."NdayishimiyecongratulatedTrumponhiselectionandcommendedthebehaviorofTrumpsopponentHilaryClinton,",theydonotlosetheircitizenship,",BurundianPresidentPierreNkurunzizawelcomedTrump"OnbehalfofthepeopleofBurundi,,",politicalanalystJulienNimubonapointedoutthepolicyofRepublicansisslightlydifferentfromthatofDemocrats.",afightcantakeplace,":22924129----URL:http:///2016-11/10/content_

  Chinasfirstself-developed160kilometer-an-hourmagneticlevitationtrainrolledofftheproductionline,,suitableforcommutingbetweenurbanareasandsatellitetowns,wasdeliveredonTuesdaybyCRRCZhuzhouLocomotiveCoLtd,basedinCentralChina,thecompanyexpectstodeliver200km/hmedium-speedmaglevtrainsbytheendof2019,saidTongLaisheng,,thecompanys100km/hmaglevrailline,designedmainlyforurbantransport,,,andusesspeciallydesignedtrackstokeepthetrainsfromoverturningorderailing."Chinahasmasteredthecoretechnologiesofcommercialmaglevtrains,andhasestablishedacomprehensivesystemrangingfromtechnicalresearchandmanufacturingtocommercialoperations,"saidLiuYoumei,anacademicianoftheChineseAcademyofEngineering."Sofar,theself-developedmaglevtechnologyhasbeencommercializedinahostoftraintypes,"Liusaid."Theproductionofmaglevtrainsrequiresover10,000partsandcomponents,90percentofwhichcanbeproducedinHunanprovince."CRRCZELCisakeysubsidiaryunderChinaRailwayRollingStockCorp,thenation,therailwaymajorhasbeengoingfullsteamaheadonstudyingdifferenttypesofmaglevtrains,,chairmanofCRRCZELC,said:"ThecompanyhasbeenfuelingcontinuinginnovationtopromotethetechnologicallevelofChina,environmentally-friendlyandintelligentsolutionsfortransportationsystem."Thereareconcernsaboutthecostofconstructingtheinfrastructureforacommercialmaglevservice,assomemaglevtrainlines,reportedly,,aprofessorattheSchoolofEconomicsandManagementatBeijingJiaotongUniversity,saidoperatorsneedtoestimateanappropriatepassengerflowvolume,whichisnormallysmallerthanthatofthesubway,,theworldsfirstmaglevlinewaslaunchedinChina,providinga,asthetrainhasaspeedofupto430km/h.

  LIMA,(Xinhua)--icCooperation(APEC)leadersmeetingnextweek,Alessio,directoroftheCentrumresearchcenteratthePontificalCatholicUniversityinLima,sa,"Peru:LeadersVisionAPEC2016,"DAlessiosaidhebelievedintheabilityofPresi,whichwillbeofferedasapresenttoimportantattendeestothemeeting,seekstoshowcasePerusAdvisoryCouncil(ABAC)."Ourintentionistoputtheeyesoftheworld,especiallytheleadersofthe21APECmembereconomies,ontotheoptionsinourcountry,puttinganemphasisonthemosthighlightedproductivesectors,whichdriveoureconomicgrowth,"Alessio,thePeruvianmarketisbecomingevermoreattractivetoforeigninvestors,especiallyintrade,mining,,:22923480----URL:http:///2016-11/10/content_BeijinghasbeenrankedasthebesttourismcityontheChinesemainland,:numberofvisitors,tourismrevenueanditscontributiontothelocaleconomy,snotsurprisingthatBeijing,Chinascapitalcity,,,20percentofthecity,,000years,,thetopgradeofthecountry,64ofwhicharefive-staralongside2,,Chongqing,Chinas"hotpotcapital",,,Chongqinghasadevelopedtrafficnetworkconsistingofhighways,railways,,themetr,seconomiccenter,Shanghaihasaperfecttrafficnetworkbutitoffersrelativelylessin,t,theresearchfoundthatfivecitiescantrulybelabeledastourismcitiesasthecontri,HuangshanCityofAnhuiProvince,SanyaCityofHainanProvince,JinzhongCityofShanxiProvince,andShangraoCityofJiangxiProvince,

  

  来步行街和世界“媒体艺术之都”长沙说句悄悄话——新华网——湖南

 
责编:

美欧想重启TTIP 面临特朗普“国货令”阻碍

2019-09-16 05:05
来源: 第一财经日报
编辑:东方财富网

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摘要
时过境迁,在上一次《跨大西洋贸易与投资伙伴关系协定》(TTIP)中明显更加热情的欧洲对于此次美国特朗普政府想要重启TTIP谈判的想法反应冷淡。
Khan,aseven-year-oldmaleWhiteBengaltiger,playswithaballduringthe"FootballDay"event,organizedbyzooemployeestomarktheupcoming2018FIFAWorldCup,attheRoyevRucheyzoointheSiberiancityofKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June5,2018.(Photo/Agencies)FemalealpacaJuliette(L)andmalealpacaRomeorunnearagiantballduringthe"FootballDay"event,organizedbyzooemployeestomarktheupcoming2018FIFAWorldCup,attheRoyevRucheyzoointheSiberiancityofKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June5,2018.(Photo/Agencies)Maya,aone-year-oldfemaleraccoon,playswithaballduringthe"FootballDay"event,organizedbyzooemployeestomarktheupcoming2018FIFAWorldCup,attheRoyevRucheyzoointheSiberiancityofKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June5,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  时过境迁,在上一次《跨大西洋贸易与投资伙伴关系协定》(TTIP)中明显更加热情的欧洲对于此次美国特朗普政府想要重启TTIP谈判的想法反应冷淡。

  近日,多位欧洲消息人士对TTIP谈判的走向给出了最新解读。他们认为,如果美欧之间想要重启贸易谈判,需要彻底重新设置TTIP的谈判议程,比如把“金融服务”等内容排除在外。另外,目前还看不清,欧盟想要通过TTIP进入美国政府采购市场的诉求,将如何与特朗普政府“美国优先”的原则相调和。

  出于对特朗普政府上台后“解冻”TTIP谈判不易的预判,欧盟也将双边贸易协定谈判的优先权锁定在了日本等国家上。

  欧盟不想重蹈覆辙

  在上一次耗时3年多的谈判中,受到德国总理默克尔和欧盟委员会强力推动的TTIP谈判呈现出了“剃头挑子一头热”的景象:当时的美国奥巴马政府把更多的谈判资源用在了冲刺《跨太平洋伙伴关系协定》(TPP)的谈判中,这让TTIP谈判的时间和资源严重不足。

  此前,TTIP因谈判仅取得有限进展,美欧双方实质上放弃了在2016年完成谈判的设想。

  导致TTIP谈判搁浅的原因在于,美欧团队在金融服务市场准入、政府采购、地理标识以及“投资者-国家争端解决机制(ISDS)”等重要条款上的谈判都陷入了僵局,比如由于争议过大,有关ISDS的谈判从2014年3月开始就被冻结了。

  此次欧盟知情人士在接受外媒采访时表示,如果双方再次在这些领域的谈判中“卡住”,重启谈判就没有什么意义了。为此,美欧双方的谈判队伍必须在重启谈判之前就列出一个清单,将此前的争议内容大幅度削减。

  怎么看待“买美国货”

  谈判TTIP,欧盟方面看上的就是美国巨大的政府采购市场:比如欧洲建筑公司可以竞标美国公路合同,以及美国警察系统在采购警车时可以采购宝马。

  然而要美国对欧洲企业开放其政府采购系统,美国就必须修改“买美国货(BuyAmerican)”法案。

  但美国总统特朗普上台后,进一步收紧了相关政策,在4月18日签署了一项“买美国货,雇美国人”的行政令。这项行政令号召美国政府机构优先考虑美国制造产品,并开展为期220天的研究,调查那些实际上令外国企业被视同美国国内企业的美国贸易协议。

  欧盟方面知情人士指出,欧盟开展TTIP谈判的主要兴趣之一就是进入美国采购市场的机会将增多,但是特朗普的此项行政令表明,美国不太可能在此方面做出额外的让步,更何况欧盟委员会此前对奥巴马政府在政府采购市场准入方面的表现就已不够满意。

  除此之外,由于英国脱欧,美欧若重启TTIP,双方在金融服务方面的谈判内容也将大幅更改:金融服务准入是英国曾经力推的谈判内容,作为交换,美国能得到的也将是英国极具吸引力的金融市场开放。

  需要指出的是,虽然此次美欧双方都对重启TTIP表示欢迎,但是重启TTIP均不是双方的优先谈判内容。

  在美国方面,目前正在等待负责国际谈判的美国候任贸易办公室代表(USTR)罗伯特·莱特希泽(RobertLighthizer)就任,并尽快开启《北美自由贸易协定》(NAFTA)重新谈判。

  欧盟此次也并不急于求成。据第一财经记者查阅,为了对冲风险,目前欧盟正在谈的双边贸易协定超过20多项。

(责任编辑:DF327)

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